If you ask the people around you to open their mouths for a moment (a request that you will probably encounter a few surprised looks …), you will probably find it difficult to find a person with no fillings. This is because tooth decay is so common today that pre-treatment is now considered a preservative that can save the tooth and prevent other damage. The common treatment for active caries is blockage – a general and simplistic name that describes a very common and old dental procedure. If in the past most fillings were gray-silver and metallic, it is now much more common to see and ask mainly for white fillings.
What is dental blockage?
First of all, let us explain a little bit about the dental blockage. Blockage is a therapeutic result of an outbreak of tooth decay. The tooth decay is caused by different bacteria that actually digest and separate the outer tooth coating, to reach the internal area where they break down and where they develop – which causes decay in the tooth and the formation of “holes”. The dentist cleans the “hole” and tooth decay, eliminates the bacteria and then remains with a “corroded” tooth that needs to be repaired. The repair is performed in these relatively simple cases with blockage.
The blockage is a special filler that is inserted accurately and measured into the cavity created by decay and treatment, when the blockage replaces the missing tooth tissue. Of course, in order to maintain the proper and comfortable functioning of the teeth, the dentist performs the blockage accurately and designs the outer part to fit the entire tooth, will provide as natural a mirror as possible and allow optimal chewing function.
Amalgam fillings of silver
In the past, it was very common to use silver fillings, which are also called amalgam fillings. These are dental fillings made from a mixture of metals, including mercury which is toxic. These fillings are silvery-gray in color and in the preparation process they had to wait for a relatively long time to harden the material to finely polish it. These fillings are less common because of their aesthetic appearance, but also because of the health concerns of patients who do not want to block with mercury or other metals.
About white fillings
Today it is much more common to use white fillings. These are more advanced dental fillings that offer a natural aesthetic look. The fillings are made of composite materials and are advanced, light-colored. You can adjust the filler tone to the other teeth and this is another advantage of these fillings. These fillings are also considered to be more durable and stronger than older solutions, and are now used throughout the oral cavity and not only in the front teeth. Note that if you need a frontal block, matching the color of the blockage is a very important process for the final outcome of the general aesthetics of the teeth. Therefore, many patients choose to perform teeth whitening prior to performing fillings. First, do the bleaching and only then the blockage, to match the color of the blockage to the new tooth color.
White fillings are applied to the dental cavities in a similar manner to any other blockage, but their hardening is faster and is accelerated by a special ultraviolet lamp and they are chemically linked to the natural tooth material. Price differences between white fillings and amalgam fillings are relatively negligible, with the aesthetic difference being particularly significant. The treatment of white blockage is short and very simple, without pain or special risks in the blockage procedure itself.